5 Oldest Cars in the World – If we talk about the oldest car in the world, our thoughts will definitely be on the Ford Model T. That’s understandable, because the car has entered into the history of cars that are taught in schools in the United States.
The birth of the Ford Model T is one of Henry Ford’s contributions to mass production cars. But, if we talk more about the oldest car in the world, then the Ford Model T will enter the bottom of the list of the oldest cars in the world. The reason is, the oldest car in the world is not gasoline-fueled, but steam power. The oldest gasoline-powered car was not built until 1885, when Karl Benz produced the Benz Patent-Motorwagen. Eventually diesel and gasoline engines proved easier to mass produce.
The machine has also proven to be more predictable and reliable and can be operated economically. Cheatsheet page has released the 5 oldest cars in the world. What models are they? Let’s reveal one by one.
1. Cugnot Fardier
The Cugnot Fardier was the first ‘self-propelled’ vehicle to transport humans. The world’s first car is the result of innovation from engineers in the French Army, Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot. The issue of Cugnot Fardier being the world’s first ‘self-propelled’ is still being debated.
The reason is, in 1672 Ferdinand Verbiest had already introduced the design of a steam-powered car, but because the dimensions were too small and did not have enough space for the driver and it was impossible to build. Steam power has been used since the early 1700s to pump water from mines or lift heavy equipment.
At that time, it was not known how to convert back and forth motion to rotary motion to turn the wheel. Cugnot solved this problem and in 1769 built a full-size prototype vehicle based on the model he had made six years earlier.
His Steam Dray has three wheels with iron rims, two wheels at the back and one wheel at the front. The vehicle, designed to transport artillery, has a front boiler and a two-cylinder engine mounted above the front wheels. When operated, this Cugnot car must stop every 10-12 minutes to rebuild the vapor pressure so that the vehicle can continue its journey.
This vehicle has a top speed of only 1 mph or about 1.6 km / hour. Currently Cugnot Fardier is one of the collections owned by the Musee des Arts et Metiers museum in Paris, France.
2. Hancock Omnibus
The Hancock Omnibus was built by British inventor Walter Hancock and can be considered the first commercially successful steam powered vehicle in the world. It can be said, Cugnot Fardier is the most successful inventor in the military world, and Hancock Omnibus is the inventor of the most successful passenger vehicle in the world.
He successfully transported passengers between London and Paddington. The nine carriages he built could carry about 4,000 passengers between 1832 and 1834.
3. Grenvile Steam Carriage
In 1875, Robert Neville Grenville of Butleigh, Glastonbury, Somerset, England began designing his steam train. In that era the majority of cars were made ‘handmade’ aka made by hand and the operational costs were quite expensive.
The Grenvile train is more like a locomotive than a car, but its passenger capacity is limited, only accommodating seven passengers. In addition, one of the passengers has the task of ‘feeding’ the steam engine to maintain speed.
Also Read : World’s Most Expensive Car
4. La Marquise
The La Marquise is one of the oldest cars in the world. It was built in 1884 by three French citizens namely De Dion, Bouton and Trépardoux. The car is a prototype quadricycle named after La Marquise (De Dion’s mother’s name).
In 1887, the Count of Dion drove the La Marquise at an exhibition and at the same time mentioned that it was the world’s first racing car, although at that time no other cars were exhibited. La Marquise can be driven up to 16 mph or about 25.7 km / h. The following year, La Marquise can beat the Bouton (three-wheeled vehicle) with an average speed of 18 mph or about 28.9 km / h.
Fueled by coal, wood and scrap paper, the vehicle takes between 30-40 minutes to build up enough steam for the vehicle to operate. The top speed reaches 38 mph or about 61 km/hour As the oldest car, La Marquise is entitled to wear the racing number “0” at the London to Brighton Veterans Car Run 1996. This vehicle was successfully sold at the Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance in 2007 with a fantastic price tag of 3.52 million US dollars. or around Rp. 46.9 billion. Then resold in 2011 with a tag of 4.6 million US dollars or around Rp. 61.3 billion, a record for the world’s first generation car.
5. Benz Patent-Motorwagen alert 1886
In the history of automobiles, the Benz Patent Motorwagen is recognized as the world’s first gasoline-powered car. Originally built in 1885, it wasn’t patented until 1886.
This car is powered by a single cylinder, 954 cc centrifugal engine, which can produce a power of two-thirds of the horsepower. At first, the supply of fuel to the engine through evaporation.
However, Benz then added a carburetor to the next model. He then went a step further by adding leather brake shoes in 1887.